By Dr. Henry Jembi,
Sept 06, 2015(Nyamilepedia) —- Cognizant that a Federal system of government is a popular demand of the people of South Sudan and of the need for the TGoNU to reflect this demand by way of devolution of more power and resources to lower levels of government, and to initiate that a federal and democratic system governance that reflects the character of South Sudan and ensures unity in diversity be enacted during the permanent constitution making process; (Page 3). Convinced that the sharing and allocation of wealth emanating from resources in South Sudan
shall ensure that the quality of life and dignity of all citizens is promoted without discrimination on the grounds of gender, religion, political affiliation, ethnicity, and language; (Page 3).
2.1.14. Devolve power and resources to States’ and County levels; (Page 6). CHAPTER IV.
RESOURCE, ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 1. G1.6 (Page 29).
1.6. Revenue sharing should reflect a commitment to devolution of power and resources, and the decentralization of decision-making in regard to development, service delivery and governance.
6.2 Wealth Sharing and Revenue Allocation (Page 36). 6.2.4 In line with the agreement on the devolution of more power and resources to the States and Counties, wealth sharing and revenue allocation shall be worked out by TGoNU within three
(3) Months of the commencement of the Transitional Period;
PARAMETERS OF PERMANENT CONSTITUTION (Page 47).
1.2. Initiate a Federal and democratic system of government that reflects the character of South Sudan in its various institutions taken together, guarantees good governance, constitutionalism, rule of law, human rights, gender equity and affirmative action;
1.4. Promoting people’s participation in the governance of the country through democratic, free and fair Elections and the devolution of power and resources;
1.5. Respecting ethnic and regional diversity and communal rights, including the right of communities to preserve their history, develop their language, promote their culture and expression of their identities;
As you can see and read in the above italic and bold expressions, the federal system is clearly portrayed and depicted in this typical agreement, though it’s not directly stated in all the expressions, but the sense is very clear that the Proposed Compromise Agreement confirmed that the Federal System of governance is needed by the people of South Sudan. The people of South Sudan need peace, stability and development, the only means to achieve that is by bringing peace to them, peace that can last for ages not temporary peace.
The Federal System of governance is not a bad one because we did not try it or experience it before; let’s try it and see whether it is good or bad then we can judge constructively. For those of you who are judged Federalism negatively, on what ground did you base your judgment? How can you judge without practical experience? What you read in the books about Federalism are just ideas, theories and experience of others? Mind you, Rome is built in one year and South Sudan will not be built in ten years, we need many years and ages to build South Sudan.
Nevertheless, the building should not focus on the materials, but on the people of South Sudan instead who never knew rest and stability in their lives at all. History can prove that since the independence of Sudan from the British in 1956, South Sudanese never know-how to rule themselves and never know how to plan for their social, economic and security development. So in order for us to do that, we need a system which can facilitate, advance and streamline our political activities without hindrances, obstacles and questionings as it had been in the past. We should know how to deal with our past experiences and issues as something of the past at this critical moment of the Proposed Compromise Agreement.
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005 ended the long war between northerners and southerners in the Sudan, and a little success is achieved to the southerners before the referendum, which was the golden chance to the people of South Sudan as we all know very well that they managed to make use of it accurately and rightly.
CPA brought peace to us, Referendum brought independence to us, the system of government and rule in South Sudan after the independence also contributed much though it failed in many areas, mainly on the human rights, nation building, unity building, reconciliation initiatives, corruption, domestic relationship, regional and international relationship too. As a result, the state is called and named a failed state, even by some senior leaders, politicians and pioneers of the same movement and the government of the Republic of South Sudan.
Dogmatically, Federalism is a cardinal issue do you why? Because the majority South Sudanese population wants it for these reasons devolution of more power and resources to lower levels of government, sharing and allocation of wealth emanating from resources in South Sudan shall ensure that the quality of life and dignity of all citizens, devolution of power and resources, and the decentralization of decision-making in regard to development, service delivery and governance, devolution of more power and resources to the States and Counties, wealth sharing and revenue allocation and Promoting people’s participation in the governance of the country through democratic, free and fair Elections and the devolution of power and resources. To develop South Sudan, we need a system that can advance and accelerate the vehicles of progress and widen the scope of understanding and unanimous efforts toward nation building and national call.
Besides, the interest and feeling of the people of South Sudan. Let us not commit the same mistake of the north whereby things are centered focus even the tiny matters and issues are peripherally administered, which a grave political crime at the expense of the people of South Sudan. Avoiding the inequities of the past will build trust between the government and the people, and will guarantee the continuation of the system chosen and liked by the people, and will maintain safety in the running of the domestic affairs and vice verse.