Sept 22, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — While the Intergovernmental Authority on Development(IGAD) wants the South Sudanese stakeholders to negotiate the controversial Protocol, signed by the IGAD heads of states, as the agenda of sixth round, the Chairman and the Commander in Chief of SPLA/SPLM(in Opposition), Dr. Riek Machar Teny, has urged the mediation to discuss the root causes of the conflict.
Dr. Machar cautions the regional bloc that their “imposition document” is irrelevant and no South Sudanese can abide with their biased position. Instead Machar wants the root causes discussed.
“IGAD’s imposition document is not relevant. No one can abide by such a biased position. South Sudanese want conflict root causes addressed.” Dr. Machar twitted in Pretoria, South Africa.
Machar made his sharp remarks public to encounter IGAD’s persuasive statement that “IGAD is talking to Dr. Riek Machar to convince him so that he signed the protocol.”
IGAD’s statement was reiterated during consultation in Bahir Dar last week in an attempt to persuade the SPLM-IO, SPLM-FPD and Faith Base group to accept the protocol as the agenda of the talks.
The protocol is declined by four groups, with exception of SPLM-Juba [government delegation], arguing that the multi-stakeholders have agreed on different principles, which were negotiated during Semantic Committees and earlier rounds of mediation.
The Sematic Committees, who met when the SPLM-Juba delegation pulled out of peace talks, negotiated that the TGNU would compose of a ceremonial President and an Executive Prime Minister who is the head of government and head of National Security Council (share powers) with or without deputies.
The semantic committees made other progresses, which they believe to be in public interest of South Sudanese people and that the government delegation should add their portion to the document before it is finalized.
Despite, the regional bloc produced and signed a document, entitled “Agreed Principles” on transitional arrangement towards resolution of the crisis in South Sudan.
During the summit last month, Machar was asked to sign the document, however, after he requested for the content of the protocol, IGAD’s representative apologized that Machar did not have to sign the document.
According to the protocol the Head of State and Government, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the TGONU shall be the elected, incumbent President of the Republic; the President of the Republic shall be deputized by a Vice President of the Republic.
The document requires the SPLM-IO to appoint a Prime Minister that shall be acceptable and answerable to the incumbent president like in the Ugandan system. The call has been widely criticized as war resumes in Upper Nile.
Politicians, army generals and supporters of SPLM(in Opposition) and SPLM-FPD have sharply criticized the “smuggled” decision, however, IGAD has maintained its ground.
The regional bloc warns that the protocol is final and has to be accepted by the warring parties. IGAD warns that whoever does “not accept this protocol and what the head of states are saying will be deal with by the region.”
Notwithstanding that fighting never cease for a month since December, IGAD blames the warring parties for lack of progress in the peace talks, establishing that war resumes during peace talks.
“It is unfortunate that this trend of events has been observed every time a new session of talks begins, and any such sideshows aimed at derailing the peace process will not be tolerated.”
The peace talks in Addis Ababa, currently moved to a remote Amhara province, have stalled during the last five sessions and very little is yet achieved.
The South Sudanese negotiators were given 45 days in August to negotiate and form a Transitional Government, however, the mediators and the South Sudanese stakeholders remain at a loggerhead at Bahir Dar on what should be discussed in the current phase.