By Mok Dei Gual,
May 30, 2016(Nyamilepedia) —— Afghanistan is the country believed to be the home of Arab afghan terrorists training camps. There were Afghan Muhadideen under the leadership of the Ahmed Shad Mossoud, those Muhadideen had been fought with the Soviet Union for many years till 1989. There was also Al-Qaida under the leadership of the late Osama Ben Laden and the Taliban under the leadership of the late Mullah Omar. Those terrorists were hoping for destruction of United States of America. When the Soviets left Afghanistan after ten years of bloody and costly war in 1989, Afghanistan descended into anarchy and chaos. What was left of Najibullah regime did not wield any significant power and it collapsed in 1992.One year later, Mullah Abdul Zaef, the former Muhadideen commander during the soviets war met with follow Mujahedeen and decided that, they needed to build a force large enough to confront warlords to defend the rights of all Afghans and to establish orders and justice. In 1989 the soviets troops withdrew from Afghanistan and the Afghan Mujahedeen, under the leadership of Ahmed Shad Mossaud surrounded Afghan capital Kabul and took over the rule three years after the departure of the Soviet. The Afghan government that was backed by Soviet Union and led by the president Sayid Mohammed was overthrown.
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Formation of Taliban Movement in Afghanistan.
In the year of 1994, three years after the Soviet Union left the country, therefore, fifty people gathered at a Mosque in Sangrias and formally founded the Taliban Movement with Mawlawi Abdul Samod as Amir and Mullah Omar as the Taliban commander. Taliban is plural for Talib meaning student in Arabic. Literally, one who seeks knowledge at school. After September eleven Attacks, the American leaders made decision to invade Afghanistan. American leaders accused Al-Qaida and Taliban as the two organizations responsible for 9/11 Attacks which killed most people in United States of America. As the result of Attacks on 9/11, former US President Bush told the America public that, the Islamic militants group and Al-Qaida were responsible for devastating attacks and the Taliban regime of Afghanistan provided a safe haven for the terrorist organization. Former US president Bush declared war on Taliban militants in the country and he was aimed at destroying the terrorists training camps. Most of Taliban were captured at the war between Kandahar province and Helmand and they were also rounded up and sent to Maximum Delta Prison Guantanamo based in Cuba. Some of them were jailed in the country. The rest were killed trying to across the border into Pakistan. Taliban participated in Jihad and they were known for their skillful fighting capacities disciplines. Within 2001, US officials with consultative of citizens appointed Hamid Karzai as interim president of Afghan people.
He was also elected by the people after his term as interim president is over in the country. Hamid Karzai is the first elected president in the story of Afghanistan and his father was assassinated by the Taliban leaders in Helmand province some years back in the country. On the other hand, the United States moved to Iraq in 2003 and directed its military forces on Iraq and Taliban, operating from Southern Afghanistan and North West of Pakistan namely Waziristan, started to regroup and carry out several deadly attacks against the US led coalition in Afghanistan. NATO troops were deployed in Kandahar province and Helmand when Taliban attacks and killed US troops at villages of Kandahar province and Helmand. In Iraqi war, the former Director of CIA George Tenet had sent David Kay to Iraq to collect some information about Weapon of Mass Destruction. David Kay had also cooperated with the one of Iraqi National Congress leader Ahmed Chalabi.
Chalabi believed to be the opposition leader who caused troubles in his country by acknowledging the presence of biological weapon to CIA agents. David Kay had sent his reports to CIA director George Tenet that, Saddam Hussein used to buy yellow cakes from Niger. Opposition leader Ahmed Chalabi who influenced US leaders to topple Saddam from power passed away in 2015 by heart attack in his country and it was reported on social media. There was also another dangerous man who believed to be citizen of Jordan Abu Mazu Zarqawi. He had participated in war between Muhadideen and Soviet Union some years back in Afghanistan. He was killed by US airstrike in Northern Iraq in 2006.Back to historical events of Taliban in the country. Taliban late leader Mullah Omar had spent many years in leadership till his death occurred in 2013 in the country. He was known as spiritual leader who promoted the spirits of religious ideology in the movement.
On the other hand, US policy in Afghanistan was to changes the Taliban cultures as what the US flooding on social media with and what American officials were talking about to follow up of the terrorists, to destroy their training camps in the country. After the death of Mullah Omar happened in Afghanistan, then Taliban militants had reacted and division started within Movement when some of Taliban militants had suggested Mullah Mansour to lead the Movement. Some of Taliban militants started to accuse of Mullah Mansour of creating division within Taliban in the past.
Sooner than later, after Conference held at Helmand province .Mansour assumed the leadership in July 2015, replacing Taliban founder and spiritual head Mullah Mohammed Omar .Under his leadership Taliban managed to capture an important city last year for the first time in 15 years. Mansour also managed to silence the splinter Taliban group under Mullah Mohammed Rasool which challenges his leadership and is accredited by his followers for containing so called Islamic State in Taliban areas.
In May 2016, The Afghan National Security Directorate said on Sunday that, Mansour had been killed in the Deland area of Baluchistan province. Afghan president Ashraf Ghani had also confirmed that Taliban leader had been killed by US drone and he was hoping for permanent peace to be achieved in the country. That was the first official confirmation of the killing of the Taliban leader. One week later, after US drone killed him at remote areas, then his Deputy has taken over his leadership and he has already confirmed as the leader of Taliban in the country.
Difference between Taliban and Al-Qaida in Afghanistan.
Osama Ben Laden is the founder of the Al-Qaida who first became involved in the Jihad in Afghanistan when he opened a half way house in Saudi Arabia for recruits traveling to Afghanistan to fight in the name of Jihad. He was hoping for liberation of Arab countries from US invasion and destruction of the United States of America. Osama Ben Laden and Ayman Al Zawahiri, an Egyptian physician and founder of the Egyptian Islamist group Al Jihad and the late leader of Al-Qaida first met when Bin Laden attended the lecture at Hospital where Zawahiri worked as a physician in Saudi Arabia .Bin Laden was wounded in 2001 at Tora Bora when he was trying to enter into Pakistan.Ayman Zawahiri remains as the leader of Al-Qaida after the US officials confirmed the death of Bin Laden in Pakistan. This is how Americans have been fighting these decades of wars in the Middle East and South-central Asia.
Author is the student who pursuing a bachelor of social work and social administration in Uganda. He can be reached by firstname.lastname@example.org
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