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Sudanese leaders sign declaration of principles on separation of religion and state

March 28, 2021(Nyamilepedia) — The Sudanese leaders comprising of the delegations of the Transitional Government of the Republic of the Sudan led by Gen. Abdulfatah El-Burhan Abdulrahmah, the Chairman of the Transitional Sovereign Council and the Sudan holdout opposition group led by CDR. Abdalaziz Adam Al-Hilu, the Chairman of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement Army – North( SPLM/A-N) have signed a Declaration of Principles in the South Sudanese capital, Juba, today on Sunday, March 28, 2021.

President Salva Kiir holding the hands of the two Sudanese leaders al-Burhan and al-Nur in J1 after the signing of the Declaration of the Principles(Photo credit: courtesy image)
President Salva Kiir holding the hands of the two Sudanese leaders al-Burhan and al-Nur in J1 after the signing of the Declaration of the Principles(Photo credit: courtesy image)

The Declaration of Principles was signed under the auspice of the South Sudanese president, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit and Gov. David M. Beasley, the Executive Director of the World Food Program.

Among others, the Sudanese leaders have agreed to work together to achieve and consolidate the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Sudan.

The Sudanese leaders believe that any comprehensive solution to the Sudanese problem requires all parties to recognize and affirm the following: 

“(i). That the history and nature of the conflict in the Sudan confirm that a military solution cannot lead to lasting peace and stability in the country”

“(ii) That a peaceful and just political solution to the conflict in the Sudan must be a common goal of the parties to the negotiation”

According to the doctrines, the leaders agreed that Sudan is racially, ethnically, religiously and culturally diverse and such the Republic of Sudan must observe such diversity and respects respective freedoms and rights.

“Sudan is racially, ethnically, religiously and culturally a diverse state; therefore, this diversity must be fully recognized and managed, and the question of national identity be addressed” Read part of the DOP.

“Emphasize the right of the peoples of the regions of Sudan to manage their affairs through decentralization or federalism” The DOP continued.

“The establishment of a civil, democratic, federal State in Sudan, wherein, the freedom of religion, the freedom of belief and religious practices and worship shall be guaranteed to all Sudanese people by separating the identities of culture, region, ethnicity and religion from the State. No religion shall be imposed on anyone and the State shall not adopt any official religion. The State shall be impartial in terms of religious” The DOP further added.

Accordingly the al-Burhan and Abdelaziz agreed that the State shall guarantee and protect the freedom of religion and practices.

“These principles shall be enshrined in the constitution.”

“Personal status laws are based on religion, custom and traditional beliefs, in a way that does not conflict with basic rights” read part of the DOP.

While the Sudanese leaders have work on a new constitution that will incorporate all that has been agreed by the parties so far they have agreed to disagree on permanent ceasefire until further notice.

The Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) led by Abdel Wahid al-Nur in Darfur did not participate in the signing of the Declaration of Principles.

In his address, President Salva Kiir Mayardit said the people of Darfur should not think that they have been left out from the peace agreement and assured them that, he is going to continue to work hard to engage the SLM of Abdel Wahid al-Nur to come on board to address their problems amicably for a comprehensive peace in Sudan.

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