IGAD-plus Has a Long Hand In The Friday’s War in J-One Juba, South Sudan
By Ter Manyang Gatwech,
July 16, 2016 (Nyamilepedia) — The president has killed the peace agreement and he is now haunting his First Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny.
The president does not have the nation at heart. He has his own personal ambition to be in power for life.He refused to sign the peace agreement; he refused to discuss the root cause of the conflict; he refused justice and accountability and he also refused the return of Dr. Riek Machar Teny to Juba. Can the South Sudanese really trust such a president anymore?
On Friday, the plan was to start the war at the government stronghold in J1 to kill all the bodyguards of Dr. Riek Machar Teny and Riek Machar himself. Then Kiir would later come out to claim that Riek Machar’s bodyguards started the war just like Makuei lied yesterday on Television and then claim that “we lost the First Vice President in crossfire. That plan did not succeed because the bodyguards of Machar fought back until their reinforcement arrived.
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This did not happen because the bodyguards of Riek defeated the bodyguards of Kiir and took control of J1 until they escorted Riek back to his residence later at 9pm. Kiir did not have a chance to kill Riek because Machar’s bodyguards inside would have fought first and both the two leaders could have died. It was a risky plan.
All these are just good tactics and they have been falling since Friday. They lured Riek to Juba and lured him to J1, which is a government stronghold, where all his bodyguards were killed, and then continued to play Riek in the name of peace after they failed at their first attempt. Salva Kiir cannot be trusted, any more.
After he failed to kill Riek at J1, the enemy had plan again to pursue him at his residence and kill him there but again his bodyguards fought and defeated Kiir’s soldiers and captured many parts of Juba.
From the language of Michael Makuei Lueth and Taban Deng Gai yesterday, you can tell that there was something fishy. They said the president will come out today to make a “unilateral declaration” to end the conflict. People asked, where would Riek be? The unilateral declaration is meant to announce the death of Riek and the end of war. That is their evil plan.
Makuei was very confident because according to their plans, their army would have overrun Riek’s residence within 3 to 4 hours on Sunday and kill the first vice president before the sunset. This is when Kiir was going to come out and address the nation as the president of the Transitional Government and try to convince everyone to work under him like Garang did to Gai Tut and his supporters in mid 1980s’’
I thank SPLA-IO for big confidence they show during four days fighting in Juba in order to make Dr. Machar alive today in Juba. “The heart that fights not the big number”. That is why Kiir’s troops regrets in fighting with SPLA-IO. President Salva Kiir deceived the World leaders and IGAD leaders with fake unilateral Cesare fire yesterday in Juba in order to prepare for more fighting in some days to come in Juba. My appeals to SPLA-IO do not sleep at all.
It came to mind since the formation of Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) in April, 2016. The Kiir has big plan on Dr. Machar in order to kill him when he returned to Juba in the name of Peace Agreement.
All Dinka intellectuals do not like Dr. Machar because is well educated than all, second Dr. Machar is a Nuer by tribe. Is Dr. Machar fought during the struggled between North and South? Yes, he fought during the longed struggled between Khartoum regimes. Dr. Machar is known as a man who makes self-determination in the whole of South Sudan.
December 15th 2013:
(……) This is why I said the difference has nothing to do with reform…….. Riek(Machar) wanted to be chairman, Rebecca (Nyandeng) wanted to be chairperson, Pagan(Amum) wanted to be chairman and Salva(Kiir) wanted to continue. That was the problem of 2013. This is the root cause of South Sudan Crisis in 2013 which the following organizations failed to address in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia during the South Sudan long Peace Medication;
Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), PLUS United States, United (US) Kingdom(UK), China, European Union(EU), Norway, African Union Commission,(AUC),African Union Peace and Security Council(AUPSC), United Nations(UN), United Nations Mission in South Sudan(UNMISS) and please United Nations Security Council. The above institutions failed to address the root cause of conflict in South Sudan, 2013.
With the frosty relationship between the President and Vice President as a background, the Vice President’s declared ambitions to contest for the position of party chairman (and subsequently the Presidency in 2015) coupled with his criticism of the government further politicised the discussions within the party relating to the adoption of the party constitution, manifesto and rules and regulations in preparation for its registration under the new Political Parties Act, 2012. It is in this context of souring relations within the party, that the President is said to have acted, reportedly stripping the Vice President of his executive powers in May 2013
Eventually, President Kiir would dismiss, on 23rd July 2013, the Vice-President along with the entire Cabinet (with the exception of 4 ministers) and suspended SPLM Secretary General, Pagan Amum for alleged corruption. The President also removed 3 elected state governors (Jonglei, Unity and Lakes), promoting the Jonglei governor to the position of Minister of Defence while the other two were dropped.17 The analysis notes that the President is constitutionally empowered to dismiss any minister and to remove elected governors. For the latter, the constitution stipulates that this may happen, ‘in the event of a crisis in the state that threatens national security and territorial integrity’, but an election should be organized by the care-taker governor within 60 days.
Following his removal, Dr Machar accused President Kiir of moving towards dictatorship and announced that he would challenge him for the presidency.19 an opposition group made up of Rebecca Nyandeng de Mabior, Pagan Amum and several other leaders developed a unified position on the direction of the party. On December 6, 2013, while the President was in South Africa, the group called a press conference at which they accused the President of dictatorial tendencies and unilateral decision-making [Testimony by Mac Paul, former Director, Military Intelligence). On December 8, a group of SPLM officials that some respondents referred to as ‘SPLM-Mainstream’ (already alluding to the factions that had already emerged within the party) held a press conference in Juba to counter the claims made by the former Vice President and his group on December 6. The Commission was informed that efforts led by the former President of South Africa Thabo Mbeki, the African Union High Implementation Panel on Sudan and South Sudan as well as the church to resolve the crisis in the SPLM before December
Dr. Machar do not planed any coup d’etat in December, 2013. According to African Union Report on South Sudan, the long war started in 1983 within SPLM as a party in South Sudan. The war in 2013 was well planned by President Kiir because Dr. Machar was taken all the potential SPLM leaders within SPLM while Kiir remains with nothing. Second Dr. Machar said is ready to stand for chairman of SPLM and the position of Presidency by 2015 in May. This is what brought the big calamity in 2013. The question remains; whether Kiir is the right a man to rule the country for life or not. The answer is no; Kiir is not the right person for South Sudan. Any person (citizen) who is capable is ready to contest for any position as long as you meet the criteria (qualifications).
28th August 199:
Of the events that came to define the SPLM, the split and eventual defection of Dr. Riek Machar and Dr. Lam Akol stand out as defining moment in life of the moment. Having accused of Dr. John Garang of what they regarded as dictatorial rule and undermining democratic evolution within the moment, the two SPLM Commanders announced in 1991 that they had the charismatic SPLM leader. The ensuing contest would result in ‘the SPLM Split’.14 from our consultations with South Sudanese, it emerged that events surrounding the split in 1991 continue to define and order relations within the movement. On the impact of the SPLM Split, one respondent observed that:
That split has caused a lot of lives of South Sudanese and it is still fresh in the minds of the people. Even these skeletons are still there and it has fragmented all our refugees in the Diaspora and it has also broken the unity of the Southerners among themselves and most of these people went back to Khartoum. By then we were still in Khartoum. He came and he was still there [Riek Machar], the SPLM became very weak as a result of that split.
If Dr. John Garang still alive will have a case to answered in the court of law. All Dinka barking about 1991 especially Bor Community in South Sudan. The main reasons for 1991 war are simply because Dr. Machar wanted self- determination while Dr. John Garang wanted the unity of whole Sudan which is impossible.
Dr. John Garang killed Gawaar-Nuer and Lou-Nuer together with Kuol Manyang and therefore, the civilians’ casualties of 1991 was not Dr. Machar’s troops who killed Dinka Bor in 1991 and they are the ones who killed themselves because of their bad behaviours toward others. Dinka Bor will remain victims if they don’t take care about their useless politicians who killed Nuer civilians in April, 2014 in Bor. (Hon: Michael Makueri).
I thank the members of African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan for telling the truth to the people South Sudan about the war 2013 December.
- E. Olusegun Obasanjo, Former President of the Republic of Nigeria
Other members of the Commission:
- ii) Lady Justice Sophia A.B Akuffo, Judge, Supreme Court of Justice and former President of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights
iii) Professor Mahmood Mamdani, Professor, Executive Director, Makerere Institute of Social Research, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda and Herbert Lehman Professor of Government, Columbia University iv) Ms. Bineta Diop, President, of Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS) and AU Chairperson‘s Special Envoy on Women, Peace and Security
- v) Professor Pacifique Manirakiza, Professor, University of Ottawa and Member, of the African Commission on Human and Peoples‘Rights.
The author, Ter Manyang Gatwech, is reachable at email@example.com
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