Breaking Response: Government Must Agree To “Separate Armies” and “Executive Powers” Arrangement !
March 22, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — In response to government rally, organized by SPLM-Juba faction on 18th March, 2015, the SPLM/SPLA [in Opposition] regrets and accuses president Salva Kiir of intransigence to peace, reconciliation and healing of the suffering populations of the world’s newest nation, South Sudan.
According to Mabior Garang de Mabior, the chairperson of the National Committee for Informationa and Public Relations, President Salva Kiir has backtraced on all the positions that have been negotiated by the warring parties during the past 14 months of negotiations.
“In his speech, the President of the GRSS reneged on all the positions that we have painstakingly negotiated with our partners in peace over the past months of difficult negotiations.” Said Mabior Garang de Mabior.
The SPLM/SPLA-IO recalls that President Salva Kiir has lost legitimacy and therefore he must peacefully step down from power for peace to return to world’s most violatile nation.
“The SPLM/SPLA would like to remind the people of South Sudan and the world at large that the position of the SPLM/SPLA is that which has been recently echoed by the world; that, Salva Kiir has lost legitimacy in light of the Country’s descent into anarchy.” Capt. Mabior Garang explains.
“In light of the barbaric loss of life and property, we have called for President Salva Kiir to step down; while also recognizing the need for this to be done with mechanisms acceptable in civilized societies.” Mabior continued.
The Opposition preconditions that Salva Kiir will only take part in the interim government of national unity, if and only if, his regime agrees to creation of a Prime Minister or First Vice President with “Executive powers” to implement the reforms.
“The SPLM/SPLA have agreed in principle to consider President Salva Kiir remaining in the interim, as part of the dialogue to end the conflict. This proposal can only be agreeable if it includes First Vice President or Prime Minister with Executive Powers, this is one way to ensure that the reforms that are agreed upon are implemented in the interim” Capt Mabior said.
Separation of Armed Forces Proposal
To create a conventional professional national army from the existing forces, the IO demands that the current militias and rebels under the umbrella of SPLA-Juba, SPLA-IO and other groups must be procedurally transformed into a national army with national identity as deemed in regards to the Transitional Constitution of the country.
“The SPLM/SPLA also supports the separation of forces proposal. This is because the Republic of South Sudan has never evolved its peasant army into a conventional professional armed forces as demanded by the Transitional Constitution of the Republic.” The son of SPLM/SPLA founder explains.
“Therefore there is no army into which the SPLM/SPLA allied forces can be absorbed into. This is the best opportunity for South Sudan to build an army that will reflect the realities of our diversity.” Mabior continues.
The Opposition believes that the Government in Juba does not command a conventional army but “ a loose alliance of militia loyal to prominent politicians in Juba”.
“The General Headquarters of the Government army, unfortunately, consist of a loose alliance of militias loyal to prominent politicians in Juba. In light of this the SPLM/SPLA believes that a separation of forces is needed while we consider the mechanism by which we shall build the South Sudan People’s Defence Forces. Anything short of this would be surrender by another name.” Mabior further explains.
Commitment to Peace Talks
The armed opposition, which has battled a regionally allied government forces for more than a year, remains committed to IGAD-led peace initiative as the only viable mean to restore peace in the country, acknowledging that “there is no military solution to the conflict”.
“The SPLM/SPLA remains committed to the Addis Ababa and Arusha initiatives to bring peace to our war torn country, and urge the region and the world to use all means at their disposal to persuade our partners in peace to return to the negotiating table. The SPLM/SPLA takes this opportunity to renew its call for the release of the AU Report and implementation of targeted sanctions.” The SPLM/SPLA reiterates its commitment.
“The Movement would also wish to take this opportunity to remind members to remain vigilant and not be discouraged by words of politicians; we must focus on the Addis and Arusha” The SPLM/SPLA report reads.
Mabior, however, reminds supporters, sympathizers and partners that their forces must fight back in self-defense if attacked by the “mercenary forces of President Salva Kiir”.
“The SPLM/SPLA has the natural right of self-defence and shall use it if attacked by the mercenary forces of President Salva Kiir. The only way to end this conflict is through honest dialogue, there is no military solution to the conflict.” Mabior concludes.