August 17, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — Until Friday last week, president Salva Kiir declined to travel to Addis Ababa on the allegations that the two principles, Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, would be arrested if they fail to sign the proposed compromise peace agreement by the dateline, today.
Base on the past experiences, one of which was in May 2014 where the principles had to sign a barely negotiated Cessation of Hostility Agreement under duress in Addis Ababa, president Salva Kiir called his inner circle on Friday, August 14th, to consult on whether he should travel to Addis Ababa or not.
The council agreed that president Salva Kiir would not travel to Addis Ababa but instead the Vice President, James Wani Igga, should be assigned to represent him.
After Mr. Wani, the Vice President, traveled to Addis Ababa, a new message came and was reportedly verified by the Ugandan President that another document would be introduced for signing on Monday.
“Yes I was not really going but the new changes compelled me to go and that is why I called that meeting in the morning [August 16th] so that I inform the people what has changed in the agreement that we had made on Friday” Salva Kiir told journalists at Juba airport on his way to Addis Ababa.
To bridge the gap between the warring parties, a mixed of new changes that include the SPLM/SPLA trading off one of states from Greater Upper Nile with some power ratios from the seven other states that were to be fully controlled by the government faction, and other provisions as agreed by the delegates between August 6th-12th, 2015 were introduced.
Based on these proposals, the SPLM/SPLA would give up one state among Unity, Jonglei and Upper Nile States, and maintains only 40% of power in the remaining two states for an exchange of 15% of power from the seven states plus the new state that would be dominated by the SPLM-IG.
Although it was subjected to further negotiation by the principles, the rebels would maintain 40% of power ratio in the oil rich Unity and Upper Nile states and trade off Jonglei state for 15% of power from the other states.
To Salva Kiir administration, the new changes, in addition to Kampala text, compelled Kiir to follow his Vice President to Addis Ababa.
Kiir also confided that he was not satisfied with the new changes but he had to succumb to the IGAD-Plus pressure to avoid “negative forces”.
“Well, even if I’m not happy, I must show my face because if I don’t go negative forces will take me to be the one against the peace that is going to be signed” Salva Kiir said.
Asked of what if the IGAD-Plus apprehend him after showing his face and refuses to sign the document, Mr. Kiir explained that he has built his “legacy” and therefore he won’t mind being arrested this time.
“No, I will be happy to remain with them because what have I not done? I fought for South Sudan, I led South Sudan into independent. If that was the time that I have to leave South Sudan under that is great under being arrested by foreigners, I don’t have any problem” Kiir emotionally states.
Kiir further reiterates that he would only sign a peace agreement that is sustainable, warning that he won’t sign a peace deal without assurance that the recently defected generals of SPLA-IO would abide by such agreement.
In just a few minutes to negotiation this morning, Mr. Salva Kiir and his Ugandan counterpart hardly settled to present any proposal or negotiate on the existing proposals.
According to the latest reports, the leader of Uganda, Yoweri Museveni and Salva Kiir have walked out of the IGAD-Plus mediation venue, Sheraton hotel, about 45 minutes at the time of this publication.
It’s yet to be clarified at this point if the talks would proceed without the two leaders, however, critics doubts if any peace signing at this point still has a chance.