Jan 29, 2017(Nyamilepedia) —— South Sudan, a baby state which gained her independence in 2011 after over 50 years of civil war, is yet again leading on corruption perception index after Somalia, according to Transparency International.
The oil rich South Sudan was ranked in the second position at the bottom of the list alongside war-ragged Somalia, North Korea, Syria and Sudan.
At the top of the list were the least corrupt Sweden, Switzerland, Norway, Singapore, the Netherlands and Canada.
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While Australia maintained 13th position from 2015, US dropped to 18th this year from the 16th position in 2015 amid fear that US corruption perception index could worsen as democracy continue to shrink under Donald Trump leadership.
Transparency International Researcher Finn Heinrich warns that ‘What we see particularly in the United States are the first signs of a person coming on board on a “drain the swamp” agenda (and) betraying that agenda already…with the nepotism and the appointments, with putting people in his cabinet who have conflicts of interests on various levels.”
Appointing his son-in-law as a senior advisor in his administration alongside many controversial populists, and picking a war against Islam and Immigrants on US soil, Donald Trump’s presidency could degrade many American Values.
The Researchers also warns against UK, although it retained its 10th position alongside Germany and Luxembourg, that the United Kingdom’s future remains uncertain as Brexit could hamper the UK’s long-term reputations as a leading anti-corruption player.
Putting many factors that range from financial management and accountability, human rights, freedom of press, democracy, service delivery, free and fair elections into account, the Transparency International researcher couldn’t think otherwise for the case of South Sudan and Somalia.
In South Sudan were all the considered factors are lacking or limited, the rise in autocracy, corruption, war and human rights violations are among the highest in the world.
According to UN reports, while more than 2.8 millions people are displaced to neighboring countries, the remaining 7 millions are in dire need of humanitarian assistance. A genocide is also feared to have started and could intensify as dry season drags on.
While good elections saw Argentina’s score rise from 32 to 36, South Sudan has never held elections since its independent. Instead the ruling elites under Salva Kiir are making sure that no credible elections are ever held until the current leadership hardens its grips on power.
In Hungary and Turkey – which have seen a rise of autocratic leaders Viktor Orban and Recep Tayyip Erdogan – the scores have dropped drastically from 48 and 41 suggesting that countries like South Sudan where autocracy is on the rise could remain at the bottom of corruption perception index for another few years.
South Sudan and Somalia have topped lists of most failed states, least peaceful and most corrupt countries for the last two years.