May 22nd 2018 (Nyamilepedia) – The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in a peace proposal on Tuesday said the SPLM-IO which is led by the South Sudan’s former First Vice President Riek Machar should occupy the position of the First Vice president.
On Tuesday, the IGAD mediation unveiled a new power sharing proposal between the South Sudan government, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in Opposition under Machar, the South Sudan Opposition Alliance, former SPLM detainees and political parties under the South Sudanese government.
The peace proposal also said that at the state level, the government would maintain 65% and Machar’s SPLM-IO should maintain its share similar to that at the national level: 25% giving other political parties 10%.
South Sudan descended into civil war in December 2013 after forces loyal to the country’s president, Salva Kiir Mayardiit and his then Governor of Northern Bahr Al-Ghazal State Gen. Paul Malong Awan went door-to-door in the capital Juba killing civilians belonging to the Nuer ethnic group sparking a nation-wide protests from top army generals from the Nuer leading to a civil war.
A peace agreement signed in August 2015 by President Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar and negotiated under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and the African Union (AU) in presence of Troika and other international observers collapsed in July 2016 following fighting at the presidential palace in Juba “J1” reportedly after President Kiir ordered a failed attempt to arrest the SPLM-IO leader Riek Machar.
Late last year, the IGAD decided to revive the peace agreement and had initiated a peace revival mechanism known as the High-Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) to bring back to life the 2015 peace agreement. Peace talks in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa resumed on Thursday with little optimism as President Kiir said he is unwilling to accept the return of the country’s former first vice president and two armies both of whom are major opposition demands.
IGAD dateline for the parties to sign peace ends today. But the mediation has given the parties until Wednesday to come back to present their final studies to the IGAD peace mediation.