By Mun Both Joak, Canada
Oct 31, 2015(Nyamilepedia) —- South Sudan’s peace should be achieve only and only if both parties in the conflict embrace the concept of “balance of power.”
The balance of power can prevent war when both parties have the same power of military. The arrangement that each party is to contribute the same amount of troops will prevent the recurrent of war.
Political analysis on “balance of power” have been collected and the political scientists found out that a country with nuclear weapons can be safe from attack from another country with the same weapons. As we can see from United States of America and Russia both countries have been avoiding direct combat since the cold war. For example, during Cuban Missile crisis in 1962, Russian army shot down a US spy aircraft over Cuban territory but the US President John F. Kennedy tried his very best to avoid the strike against Russian army.
For US to avoid confrontation with Russia President Kennedy had to use diplomatic approach and convince Russia to withdraw its nuclear warheads sneaked into Cuba in order to attack the United States of America. For the Russia to withdraw it nuclear weapons the US government used compromised to reduce its war arsenals placed in Turkey US air base against Russia.
From there deadly war that could have caused unwanted suffering of humankind was averted.
On South Sudan case if we use the same method of balance of power without giving anyone between President Kiir and the Opposition leader Dr. Machar more power than the other peace, tranquility and security will be achieved in South Sudan.
The power behind the the “balance of power” is that no one will try to attack the other because he know from the onset that he will not win. How can you expect to win easily when you know your opponent has the same military capabilities as your are?
Kenneth Waltz, the father of the “balance of power” said “the concept of balance of power is a threat against “rising hegemon.” This is true today in our world because any country that tends to be hegemony of the world faces hardships in consolidating its power. Take America for example, whenever its tried to make big decisions what happens from China and Russia? They “bandwagon” against the United States’ decisions and always veto any decision against their interests.
That is the power of “balance of power.”
In conclusion, IGAD Plus Troika must follow the same concept of Kenneth Waltz by using the “balance of power” on South Sudan.
In order to bring peace and stability South Sudan government must be forced to accept the concept of “balance of power.” IGAD Plus Troika must present equal forces in all security sectors such police force, national security, fire brigades, life, prison guards, national army and the body guards for President Kiir and the the Opposition leader Dr. Machar. By doing that no one will attempt to attack the because he knows from onset that he will not win the war.
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