April 12, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement and Army in Opposition (SPLM/A-IO) has been resisting the genocide and tribal government of Salva Kiir for more than 15 months. Though the SPLM/A-IO believes that the only rightful means to halt Kiir’s made war is through a genuine commitment to a faithful and honest negotiation, yet it is equally our conviction that Salva Kiir’s unwillingness to negotiate peace in good faith is alterable through AK47.
AK47 is a last resort to force Salva Kiir to negotiate peace genuinely and honestly. It is through AK47 that the SPLM/A-IO gains confidence to say not only a “No!” but a “big No!” on the face of Salva Kiir when he attempts to misbehave. This article is a response to Mr Luka Biong’s latest opinion which I believe is a negative contribution to a genuine search of a lasting peaceful solution to the crisis in South Sudan.
The Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD) has been mediating peace since 01/01/2014 but this effort failed to achieve a lasting peace on 06/03/2015 due to Salva Kiir’s stubbornness and deliberate refusal to strike a peace deal with the SPLM/A-IO. As a result the SPLM/A-Juba had been and is still engaging in a tribal and deceitful politics.
In his article dated April 7, 2015 “IGAD: Another deadline for peace in South Sudan” Mr Luka Biong refuted the idea of two armies. Instead he proposed the extension of pre interim period as a gesture to build trust and consequently convinced the SPLM/A-IO that their security is guaranteed.
Mr Luka Biong got to understand that the issue is greater than security guarantor. In addition to their security, the problem involves trust.
Does Luka Biong think that SPLM/A-IO trusts Salva Kiir and his thugs after they have killed innocent non-political civilians of Nuer ethnicity? And do you think SPLM/A-IO believes that Salva Kiir and his criminal colleagues will implement the terms of the agreement honestly and faithfully when he rejects the involvement of United Nations in the election process after two years of transitional government?
The fact that Salva Kiir violated the terms of South Sudan temporary constitution; coupled with his cunning attitude to orchestrate a ploy to justify his premeditated crime against innocent civilians in the capital Juba are sufficient evidence to justify SPLM/A-IO withdrawing confidence from his leadership. Rather than condemning Salva Kiir’s failure, Mr Luka Biong blindly supports his racist and brutal government suggesting the extension of pre interim period. The SPLM/A-IO would like to put it clear to Mr Luka Biong, Salva Kiir’s government and indeed to the international community that the concept of two armies involves safeguarding and protecting the peace agreement; and providing security to the SPLM-IO supporters.
Luka Biong should recall the history of Sudan and South Sudan in particular. Remember that the 1972 Addis Ababa peace agreement signed between Jaafar ElNumaeri, the president of Sudan and the leader of Anya-nya movement General Joseph Lagu which ended a 17-year old civil war in Sudan was dishonoured by Jafar ElNumari himself in 1982. This happened because there was no army to protect the agreement. And this led to the 1983 civil war which lasted for more that 20-years.
The 1972 peace agreement cost South Sudanese and indeed the whole Sudan 4-million soles in the quest for a lasting durable peace.
As a nationalist and a peace loving individual, Mr Luka Biong should have supported the notion of keeping two armies separate because this AK47 is the only guarantor and hope SPLM-IO have to resort to and say “No!” and a ‘big No!’ to Salva Kiir and his cohort if they attempt to violate the peace agreement. Thus the SPLM/A-IO will never allow Kiir and his Dinka elders to violate the agreement and lead the whole country again into another civil war in the future.
Therefore Mr Luka Biong’s proposal supports war which Salva Kiir longs for as a means to end this crisis. His suggestion promotes a bad peace as it will breed war in the long run.
SPLM/A-IO dreams of a peaceful South Sudan where all citizens are equal under the law. All citizens are first class citizens of equal importance and value. But Salva Kiir dreams of a South Sudan where citizens are classified as first, second and third class citizens in their own nation. We will not allow this to happen!!
The SPLM/A-IO suggestion for two armies during the interim transitional government of national unity involves a genuine and faithful desire to achieve a lasting peace for all South Sudanese people. Hence the two armies promote a good peace for a better South Sudan. Salva Kiir has lost the trust of most South Sudanese people. Every part in South Sudan lacks security.
Because of his dictatorial and impunity tendencies, SPLM/A-IO believes that two armies under two different commands during a transitional government of national unity is a requirement for a genuine implementation of any peace agreement. Our army is the confidence and a backup of the SPLM-IO. We can loudly and clearly say a “big No!” when Salva Kiir attempts to violate a single term of the peace agreement.
Also Mr Luka Biong suggested the postponement of a Federal system of governance till after the transitional period of the government of national unity. This is another worrying proposal from a person who alleged to be an advocate of peace in the country.
Federal system of governance has been the demand of South Sudanese since 1947. The refusal of Khartoum government to implement federalism was a prime reason for the first civil war of 1953. Equatorians again raised voices for the inclusion and implementation of federalism in the temporary constitution of 2011, but the government of Salva Kiir did not pay genuine attention to this vital demand.
Now is the time to implement federalism. It does not need any delay because South Sudanese overwhelmingly had demanded federalism since 1947. South Sudan could seek the support of the United Nation Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) to educate south Sudanese politicians if Luka Biong thinks they are illiterate of federalism. However SPLM/A-IO believes that federalism brings all South Sudanese together as strong united people who celebrate their diversity in a spirit of unity and peace. Federalism is a permanent solution to the issue of war in South Sudan.
In conclusion, SPLM/A-IO believes in resolving South Sudan crisis peacefully through negotiation. Given the fact that Salva Kiir has lost the trust of South Sudanese yet SPLM/A-IO believes in a genuine lasting peace which is achievable only when the parties keep their respective armies under two different commands separately. This will also ensure that both parties are kept honest and sincere in implementing the terms of the agreement. A genuine and lasting peace is our primary goal, and the SPLM/A-IO will never risk the future of South Sudanese generation for a cheap peace deal. Any procrastination to the implementation of federalism which is the demand of the people of South Sudan implies piling undesirable future consequences.
Mr Luka Biong got to underline the fact that a need for a-two-separate army is not only a solution to the security issue of the SPLM/A-IO but it is a necessary condition to ensure that both sides commit to implement the spirit of the agreement faithfully and honestly. South Sudanese people and the whole world believe that Salva Kiir is untrustworthy and illegitimate after December 15th 2013.
This article was written by:
James Peter Lokudu, a member of the SPLM-IO Canberra branch – Australia
He can be reached by using the following email address: