U.S. Sanctions of South Sudan Oil Industry And What It Means
March 21, 2018(Nyamilepedia) ——- Today, the United States has taken a bold decision against fifteen South Sudanese oil-related companies and individuals who have used oil revenues to fuel a civil war that has so far killed more than 300 thousands and displaced over 4 millions others.
According to the latest statement seen by the Nyamilepedia, the U.S. Department of State has added 15 South Sudanese oil related entities to the Department of Commerce Entity List that will be released tomorrow.
“This action reflects the U.S. commitment to doing all it can to protect the innocent people of South Sudan.” Said Heather Nauert, the Department Spokesperson.
The Spokesperson reiterates that by placing these entities on the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Entity List, the United States will impose a license requirement on all exports, re-exports, and transfers of any U.S.-origin items to those entities.
The Trump administration which has done an intensive research assures that the 15 entities are “a source of substantial revenue for the Government of South Sudan”.
Regretting that South Sudan oil revenues are not used to further citizens’ welfare but to benefit corrupt politicians and to fight tribal wars, the United States calls on the region and the international community to cut off financial flows to South Sudan to end the civil war and corruption in the war-torn country.
“Unfortunately, the South Sudanese Government, and corrupt official actors, use this revenue to purchase weapons and fund irregular militias that undermine the peace, security, and stability of South Sudan rather than support the welfare and current emergency food needs of the South Sudanese people.” Reads part of the statement.
“We call on the region and broader international community to join us in limiting the financial flows that fuel the continuing violence in the country.” The Spokesperson continued.
The United States calls on Juba and other warring parties to not squander U.S generosity to provide humanitarian assistance.
The largest donor calls on South Sudan regime to end the war and step up to provide for the vast needs of South Sudanese people.
“The Government of South Sudan must not squander that generosity and should take concrete steps to provide for the vast needs of the South Sudanese people.” Heather said.
The statement reiterates that the today’s actions are part of an ongoing effort to hold to account those who foment violence, commit human rights violations, obstruct the peace process, or engage in illicit financial activities against the interest of the South Sudanese people.
What Is an “Entity List”?
According to the U.S. Bureau of Industry and Security(BIS), the Entity List is a list of concern that identifies foreign parties that are prohibited from receiving some or all items subject to the EAR unless the exporter secures a license.
These parties or entities present a greater risk of diversion to weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs, terrorism, or other activities contrary to U.S. national security and/or foreign policy interests.
“By publicly listing such parties, the Entity List is an important tool to prevent unauthorized trade in items subject to the EAR.” According to the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Once added to the Export Administration Regulation entity list, South Sudan government and oil related companies and legal persons will be subjected to specific license requirements for the export, reexport and/or transfer (in-country) of specified oil related items and weapons.
This decision will not only affect South Sudan oil production but also flow of weapons of mass destruction(WMD) that are usually transferred to South Sudan through countries like Uganda, Kenya and Sudan.
With regards to end-use requirements in Part 744 of the Export Administration Regulations(EAR) or the arms embargo and special destination requirements in Part 746 of the EAR, countries or persons, for example Uganda, Kenya or Sudan, would have to obtain a license prior to the export, reexport or transfer of South Sudan oil-related items.
This decision came barely a month after the United States imposed arms embargo on South Sudan in February this year — a decision that is now being picked up by allies including the other members of TROIKA(UK and Norway) and the European Union.
The U.S Deparment of State assures that the United States remains committed to take more actions including more sanctions on individuals who threaten peace and stability of South Sudan.
“We remain prepared to take additional actions, including sanctioning those who threaten the peace and security of South Sudan.” Said Heather Nauert, the Department Spokesperson.