By Mathew Bile,
Jan 10, 2016 (Nyamilepedia) —- It is only two years since South Sudan became independent on 9th-July-2011.However, we celebrated the birth of our beloved country south Sudan twice before the outbreaks of civil war as many could imagine what a country on earth. We fought for 21 years with Sudan so that southerners could be first class citizens in their own motherland like any other country in the world but these thoughts never materialized.
Dr.Riek Machar the first vice president of the republic of south Sudan turned rebel leader was the campaign manager for Salva Kiir Mayardiit during national election in united Sudan in 2010.However, Leadership wrangles on whoever to take the seat of the party chair became the source of problem which eventually led to the instigation of the current civil war in the world youngest nation on African Continent.Therefore, Salva Kiir Mayardiit in his own leadership capabilities decided to sack his long serving Vice President and the entire cabinet with assumption that this would help him get rid of his Political rivals in the upcoming election 2015 in the young nation. President Salva Kiir in his political career wanted to serve more terms on top seat up to 2020.This made the other party members impatient because Kiir would not find it possible to allow them take the seats and Dr.Riek Machar declared that he would take the party chair in upcoming election in the SPLM platform.
During the SPLM convention in the state capital Juba, a mysterious misunderstanding happened and behind this, struggle for the top seat within the SPLM party led to the outburst of gun fire among the presidential guards loyal to President Salva Kiir Mayardiit and Dr.Riek Machar respectively. Seeing the massive deaths and arrests against the Nuer people, Dr.Machar feared his life as he was hunted by Kiir’s security apparatus, he was left with no choice but to run for his life to adjacent Jonglei state for safety. Dr. Machar’s political friends were rounded up and jailed, they were named Political Detainees or G10, GRSS called them criminals that deserved treason charges.
The private army popularly known to be Gwelweng militias, cantoned and secretly recruited Greater Bahr el Ghazal and later in Luri by then Governor of Northern Bahr el Ghazal Gen Paul Malong Awan (now SS CoGS), were dispatched to residential Nuer suburbs and then committed immeasurable atrocities. The African Union Commission of Inquiry in South Sudan headed by for Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo mentioned heinous crimes and crimes against humanity committed against the Nuer as a tribe in what was described in the report as “state sponsored policy”. These crimes and crimes against humanity committed against the Nuer by GRSS with the supervision of President Salva Kiir triggered Nuer white army uprising. The full scale war of Salva Kiir regime started against Machar white army.
Dr.Riek Machar, as a visionary leader and statesman as he has always been, was not ready to retaliate against Kiir militarily as the Nuer would expect but resorted to peaceful negotiation in order to bring an end to South Sudan crisis. Dr.Machar wanted to create a multi ethnic state where all tribes are the same as per the constitution of the country. He believes in a South Sudan where egalitarianism is prioritized oppose to the ethnocentrism in the current leadership.
The South Sudan Dr Riek Machar has been fighting for South Sudan free of any form of persecution of other minor tribes and wishes to stablish a free nation where citizens are not subjected to harsh treatment like the way we used to be mistreated by the successive Governments of Sudan. He wanted to modernize and transform South Sudan into Singapore where agriculture is the backbone of the country’s health. Machar has the vision of connecting all states with roads and bridges even to the inaccessible Payams in the youngest nation.
Service deliver is the basis of his program, reforms all the sectors to deliver services to the poor population of south Sudan; and last but not least, he would want to be seen as capable leader respected by the South Sudan citizens and world.
The author is a concerned South Sudanese living in Nairobi, Kenya and can be reached through firstname.lastname@example.org
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