The Militarized Society of South Sudan is a Threat to National Security.
By Dr. Justin Deng Deng (BPHARM)
Nov 10, 2015(Nyamilepedia) —- With the final security arrangements signed recently in Addis Ababa,Ethiopia, South Sudan will vaguely witness the time of relative calm. The high level delegation of SPLM-IO is expected to touch down in Juba international airport in the next few weeks, probably the mid of November 2015, and our people will start celebrating the peace that doesn’t exist in elites’ hearts.
The ordinary South Sudanese will again be in a sphere of new hope-dreaming of a bright & prosperous happy nation ten to fifteen years to come.
There will be a formation of transitional government of national unity (TGoNU) which will be too divisive & sectarian, according to my view, than the pledged unity. This TGoNU will face more fears of insecurity from within itself leaving the issues of public security unaddressed.
The real insecurity we are facing in our country today is the problem of: ‘everyone is carrying a gun & laws in his own hand’. Almost 90% of youths and middle aged men are carrying guns especially the cattle-keeping communities.
These guns are being used by non-military personnels for multiple purposes ranging from self defense, cattle raiding, gang robbery, fighting tribal conflicts & many others.
These guns & laws need to be out of civilians’ hands AND a rightful & independent security and judicial system be put in place for our people. These are the least expectations of south Sudanese from the coming TGoNU.
This will be a base and beginning of a true social peace.
To solve this problem:
- the next government must carry out the effective all-out disarmament of all illegal firearms & regulate arms flow within the country in collaboration with local government at grass root levels.
- The parliament of TGoNU must also enact & pass the arms regulation laws during the constitution making process.
- Establishment of effective & independent judicial system at all levels of administration.
The above points will strategically be initiated & accomplished by:
a) convening conferences to engage youths & local chiefs to seek their maximum cooperation and witting support-only then shall the stability be achieved.
b) conduction of workshops to disseminate the importance & benefits of peace & rule of laws, and hazards of illegal arms in the society.
c) prioritize the educational programs to make the youths busy planning for their future.
d) put down the developmental projects to provide the job opportunities which will directly minimize the level of unemployment & crimes ( less militancy thoughts) leading to diminishment of rebellious acts.
e) laws enforcement and complete separation of judicial system from executive and legislative systems-for courts to carry out their decisions independently.
f) army recruitment should be conducted according to international criteria putting into consideration the physical fitness, mental health and educational backgrounds, and thoroughly trained to know their duties & mandate.
g) encouragement of sports nation wide to bring youths together and make them realize that unity is their strength.
Wish a happy peace time to you all my people…..
The author can be reached at email@example.com